Kumbh Mela is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather at a sacred river for a bath in the river. It is held every third year at one of the four places by rotation: Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Nasik and Ujjain. Thus the Kumbh Mela is held at each of these four places every twelth year. Ardh (“Half”) Kumbh Mela is held at only two places, Haridwar and Allahabad, every sixth year. The rivers at these four places are: the Ganga (Ganga) at Haridwar, the confluence (Sangam) of the Ganga and the Yamuna at Prayag, the Godawari at Nasik, and the Shipra at Ujjain.
Kumbh means a pitcher and Mela means fair in Hindi. The pilgrimage is held for about one and a half months at each of these four places where it is believed in Hinduism that drops of nectar fell from the Kumbh carried by gods after the sea was churned. The festival is billed as the “biggest gathering on Earth”. There is no scientific method of ascertaining the number of pilgrims even approximately and the estimates of the number of pilgrims bathing on the most auspicious day may vary very widely from two to eight million depending upon the team(s) of persons making the estimate and the rough method of making the estimate.
Kumbh Mela takes place every twelve years at one of the four places: Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik. The Mela alternates between Nasik, Allahabad, Ujjain and Haridwar every third year. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at only two places, Haridwar and Allahabad.
In 2001, more than 40 million gathered on the busiest of its 55 days.
According to the Mela Administration’s estimates, around 70 million people participated in the 45-day Ardh Kumbh Mela in Allahabad, in 2007.
The last “Kumbh Mela” held in 2010 in Haridwar was estimated by the authorities to have attracted between 30 and 70 million people.
The current Maha Kumbh Mela began on 14 January 2013 at Allahabad (Prayaga). According to expectations more than 100 million people will attend the 2013 Kumbha mela.
The next Kumbhamela will be held at Ujjain (MP) on the bank of the river Shipra in 2016. The Kumbh at Ujjain is also called “Simhastha”.
Kumbh Mela is organized every three years on a rotation basis of Allahabad, Nashik, Haridwar and Ujjain.
Kumbha Mela: Held at all four places.
Ardha Kumbha Mela: Held at Haridwar and Prayaga (Allahabad), every 6 years.
Purna Kumbha Mela: Held only at Prayaga, every 12 years.
Maha Kumbha Mela: Held only at Prayaga, every 144 years.
Kumbh Mela is celebrated at different locations depending on the position of the planet of Brihaspati (Jupiter) and the sun. When Jupiter and the sun are in the zodiac sign Leo (Simha Rashi) it is held in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik; when the sun is in Aries (Mesha Rashi) it is celebrated at Haridwar; when Jupiter is in Taurus (Vrishabha Rashi ) and the sun is in Capricorn (Makar Rashi) Kumbha Mela is celebrated at Prayag; and Jupiter and the sun are in Scorpio (Vrishchik Rashi) the Mela is celebrated at Ujjain. Each site’s celebration dates are calculated in advance according to a special combination of zodiacal positions of Sun, Moon, and Jupiter.
The first written evidence of the Kumbha Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese traveler, Huan Tsang or Xuanzang (602–664 A.D.) who visited India in 629–645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana. However, similar observances date back many centuries, where the river festivals first started getting organised. According to medieval Hindu theology, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, theMahabharata, and the Ramayana.
The account goes that the demigods had lost their strength by the curse of Durväsä Muni, and to regain it, they approached Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva. They directed all the demigods to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Vishnu (full story on kumbh mela) and after praying to Lord Vishnu, he instructed them to churn the ocean of milk Ksheera Sagara (primordial ocean of milk) to receive amrita (the nectar of immortality). This required them to make a temporary agreement with their arch enemies, the demons or Asuras, to work together with a promise of sharing the wealth equally thereafter. However, when the Kumbha (urn) containing the amrita appeared, a fight ensued. For twelve days and twelve nights (equivalent to twelve human years) the gods and demons fought in the sky for the pot of amrita. It is believed that during the battle, Lord Vishnu (incarnated as Mohini-Mürti) flew away with the Kumbha of elixir spilling drops of amrita at four places: Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik.
Summary of the work and services offered by Red Swastik Society during Kumbh Mela, Prayag, Allahabad, UP, from 14th Jan to 10th March 2013.
Mahakumbh was held at Prayag between 14th Jan 13 – 10th of March 13. It is regarded as largest mela / human gathering in the world. This time Kumbh mela was organized in an area having perimeter of 28 Square kms. with roads made by chakared plates of 52 running kms with 18 Pantoon bridges on the streams of Ganges, 30 Police Stations and about 34, 500 security men.
According to official sources for the first time Aerial security using choppers and river guards were deployed and personnel of ATS, Spotters, Watchers and Shooters of Paramilitary and Army were deployed and entire Mela area was put under CCTV coverage for surveillance.
Kumbh Mela was divided into 14 sectors. Each of the sectors had its own hospital (Allopathic, Ayurvedic as well as Homeopathic), police station, fire station, ambulances and all other necessary facilities. According to sources 120-125 million pilgrims visited kumbh mela during this period from every corner of the world.
Activities undertaken by Red Swastik Society:
Red Swastik Society under the guidance of its founder T. S. Bhal and National Chairman Pradeep Patel and association with all the Directors, namely, S’Shri. Dr. A. K. Bansal, Ashok Shinde, Dr. R. C. Mishra, who have provided dedicated medical services along with its volunteers and members with the help of dedicated Ten ambulances and donors like Shri. Vishwanath Agrawal, Shri. Jagdish Gupta and others. Shri Rajesh Sonawane, Secretary, Nashik Branch of Maharashtra, was instrumental in co.ordinating all the activities at Prayag and liaison work.
Training of volunteers:
A team from Bombay under leadership of Capt. Swaminathan, Dr. R. C. Mishra and Project Director Shri. Mahendra Patel and experts visited Prayag in December 2012 and trained the volunteers for disaster management. A total of 450 males and 80 females had attended it with practical training held at Company Garden, Allahabad.
Services during Stampede:
During stampede at Railway Station on 10th Feb 2013 their were found to be very useful which had helped to save lives of 28 pilgrims as rescued and shifted them to SRN hospital under the leadership of S’Shri. Pandurang Sonawane, Ashok Shinde, Dr. Mishra and Milind Khanore. This work was acknowledged and appreciated by Hon’ble Chief Minister of UP Shri. Akhilesh Yadav at SRN Hospital and complimented the volunteers and office bearers of Red Swastik Society. Since ambulances of Red Swastik were small Maruti Omni, it was easy to take any place with good manoevourability.
Land allocation for make shift camp:
Land admeasuring 80Mtrs. X 200 Mtrs. was allotted by mela Adhikari to Red Swastik at Bajrang Das Chauraha in the sector 6 close to Pantoon bridge no.14, with co.ordinated initiative of S’Shri. Pradeep Patel, Dr. R. C. Mishra and Dr. A. K. Bansal.
After land allocation, a camp office was established with proper fencing, toilets, water supply, electric connection and gas connection with the initiative of Dr. R. C. Mishra, Shri. Pradeep Patel and Shri. Rajesh Sonawane. Two cottages, four large sized IP tent, two choldari, one shamiyana, water proof Kitchen with brick flooring (40” X 15”) and Dispensary (20” X 30”) which was water proof with flooring and curtained was constructed. CRPF officials had been kind to provide us four army tents with one Hawaldar Major as a security officer of the Camp.
For the initial co.ordinationing activities a 3 BHK flat was taken on rent basis at 65 Tagore town, Allahabad @15,000/- per. M for a period of two months and Chairman Shri .Pradeep Patel has given donation of Rs. 30,000/-.
Doctors and Paramedic Staff:
Shri. Dr. A. K. Bansal, MD of Jeevan Jyoti Hospital, Allahabad was kind to provide five doctors, eight paramedic staff, eight sisters and four drivers during entire mela period. Team of doctors from Maharashtra had visited camp and provided medical services from time to time by rotation with the initiative of S’Shri. Ashok Shinde, Mahendra Patel and Rajesh Sonawane.
An eye check-up camp was also established at Sector 6 for dispensing spectacles about 30,000 pilgrims have availed its services and were benefitted. A team was headed by Ophalmologist Shri. Subhash R. Kahar and Smt. Meena S. Kahar, from Mumbai, Maharashtra and two local assistants provided by Dr. A. K. Bansal have managed these services very efficiently. This was the only eye check-up camp established by any NGO where patients were given spectacles.
A total of 9 ambulances of Red Swastik were transported from Mumbai with the trailer provided by Shri. K. S. Singhal (M/S. Indian Vehicle Carriers Pvt. Ltd., Goregaon (W), Mumbai,), free of cost from Mumbai to Prayag and Prayag to Mumbai. These were deployed sectorwise used for providing Mobile Hospital services and to carry serious patients to the city hospitals as per the directives of health department, Kumbh mela. Additional Director, Health, Dr. Srivastava has appreciated the work and congratulated Chairman Shri. Pradeep Patel for providing Ambulance services.
Initially medicine was made available by Bombay office, Volini pouches were given by Ranbaxy and other medicines supplied by other Pharmaceutical companies. Some of the medicines were also provided by J.J. Hospital, Tilak Hospital and Balaji hospital.
Due to shortage medicines of Rs.1, 68,500/- was purchased locally from time to time. In addition medicines worth Rs.43, 000/ was also purchased and donated by Shri. Pradeep Patel, Chairman of Red Swastik Society.
Health check-up, First Aid and Primary Treatment:
During Kumbh mela a total number of pilgrims 5, 25,000 visited either main camp office dispensary of Red Swastik Society in sector 6 or our mobile dispensaries in different sectors for health check-ups. Out of which 2,67,000 were given proper medications, 450 patients were shifted to city hospitals and 30,000 were checked at eye camp. Services of doctors and paramedics were made available 24 X 7 hrs. during entire Kumbh Mela.
Woolen blankets/Kambal Distribution:
About 1200 blankets were distributed to the needy and poor pilgrim, sweepers, beggars and saints at the hands of prominent personalities during Kumbh Mela. These blankets were donated by M/S. Donear Mills, M/S. J. Kumar group and others.
Ganga Cleaning Abhiyyan:
Members and volunteers of Red Swastik Society have actively participated in the Ganga cleaning abhiyyan headed by Swami Chidanand Muni of Parmarth Niketan, Rishikesh along with Hon’ble Rtd. Justice Girdhar Malviya, Rtd. Justice Arun Tandon, Commissioner and D.M., Allahabad.
A total of 3,275 trousers and shirts were distributed at the hands of different dignitaries of the Kumbh Mela and Allahabad during entire mela period. These items were donated by M/S. Donear Mills, Mumbai. About 150 trousers are still left which were distributed during gram seva abhiyan in future.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE BUDGET FOR MAHAKUMBH MELA 2013
Donation for Maha Kumbh Mela – 2013
|(A) Collection of Donation with NHQ. Mumbai Office|
|No.||Name of Donors||Amount|
|1||M/S. Keshribhai Jajodia Trust||1,00,000|
|2||Buldhana Urban Co-op Cr Society Ltd.||1,00,000|
|3||Shree Mumbadevi Mandir Charities||1,00,000|
|4||Red Swastik Society – Eastern Suburban Br.||55,600|
|5||M/s. Ehara Engineering Pvt. Ltd.||51,000|
|6||Shri Subhash Acharya||25,000|
|7||Shri Jagdish Gupta – J. Kumar Infra projects Ltd.||25,000|
|8||Green Space Realtors, Nasik||25,000|
|9||Shri Dinesh Khemka||15,000|
|10||Shri H. F. J. Patrawala||11,000|
|12||Shri Sunil Kharbanda, Nasik||11,000|
|13||Antarrashtriya Pushthimargeeya Vaisnav Parishad, Mumbai||10,000|
|14||Automobile Centre, Mumbai||10,000|
|15||Shri Ajay Agrawal, Mumbai||10,000|
|16||Shri Pravin Naik, Mumbai||10,000|
|17||M/s. J M K Infotech, Aurangabad||5,551|
|18||M/s. Konark Construction, Aurangabad||5,500|
|19||M/s. Prerana Industries, Aurangabad||5,500|
|20||Sun Fab And Automation Co Pvt, Aurangabad||5,000|
|21||Thakare Caterers, Aurnagabad||5,000|
|22||Shri Rajiv Sanghvi||5,000|
|23||Shri Vinod V. Khandale||5,000|
|24||Shri Bhagwanji Karamshi Patel||5,000|
|25||Shri T. S. Bhal||5,000|
|26||Shri Paresh Mehta – M/S. Arihant Plastik Ind.||5,000|
|28||Red Swastik Society – Women’s Wing Mumbai Branch||5,000|
|29||Ramakant G. Bansal||3,000|
|TOTAL ( A)||6,18,151|
|(B) Collection of Donation with Red Swastik Society, Nasik Branch|
|No.||Name of Donors||Amount|
|1||Shri. Pradip Patel||1,63,000|
|2||Shri Rajendra Dungarwal, Nashik||11,000|
|3||Shri Sanjay Patil, Nashik||5,000|
|TOTAL ( B)||1,93,000|
|(C)Collection of Donation with Red Swastik Society, Jalgaon Branch|
|No.||Name of Donors||Amount|
|1||Shri. Milind Khanore, Nagpur||25,000|
|2||Shri. Anand Patil, Thane||25,000|
|3||Shri. R. M. Patil, Thane||11,000|
|TOTAL ( C)||64,500|
|Total (A) + (B) + (C)||8,75,651|
Donation in Kind:
- Shri K. S. Singhal, Indian Vehicle Carriers Pvt. Ltd. has agreed to provide free truck trailer for transportation of 10 – Maruti Omni Ambulance for Maha Kumbh-Mela 2013 from Mumbai to Allahabad.
- Shri Vishwanathji Agarwal, Chairman of Donear Industries Ltd. – donated 500 Blankets, 3100 Pants & 175 Shirts.
- Shri Jagdish Gupta, Chairman cum Managing Director of J. Kumar Infraprojects Ltd. – donated 200 Blankets.
- Dr Burjor P. Banaji – BANAJI Eye care, Mumbai has Donated Medicines.
- Shri P. P. Bhat , Executive Director – Empiai Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai has Donated Medicines.
- Shri S. A. Bamhnote, President Red Swastik Society Tumsar Bhandara Branch, collect medicine from local medical shops and Doctors for Kumbh Mela – 2013.
SUMMARY OF “RECEIPTS” & “PAYMENTS” FOR MAHA KUMBH MELA 2013
|(A)Receipts & Payments of NHQ Mumbai Office|
|Donations received for Kumbhamela 2013||618151|
|1||Fund transferred to Allahabadfor Kumbhamela purpose|
|2||Purchase of 10 sets Canopy||42000|
|(B) Receipts & Payments of Nashik Branch|
|Donations received for Kumbhamela 2013||193000|
|1||Medicine Purchase (Allahabad)||168500|
|2||Petrol for Ambulance||106500|
|3||Medicines from Nasik||43000|
|4||Salary of Staff||78000|
|5||Food Items & Vegetables||46000|
|6||Gas Cylinders (8 large 2 small)||16500|
|7||Mathura Van (Petrol & Repair)||14500|
|9||Boonding 200 Kg. @ 90/Kg,||18000|
|10||Furnitue Bed & quit||32000|
|12||Toilet & Brick Works||17500|
|13||Misc. from Shri. Pradeep Sir||40000|
|14||Rent of Flat||30000|
|(C) Receipts & Payments of Jalgaon Branch|
|Donations received for Kumbhamela 2013||64500|
|1||Ambulance Repairing Charges||44533|
|3||Honoureria to Driver||5050|
|4||Travelling Expences To Driver||5400|
|5||Travelling Allounce To Driver||3000|
|6||Wages to Driver||9000|
|7||Honoureria to Doctor||16500|
|8||Travelling Expences of Doctor||32050|
|9||Travelling Allounces of Doctor||8000|
|Summary of Kumbh Mela – 2013 “Receipts & Payments”(NHQ. Office, Nasik Branch, Jalgaon Branch)|
|Total (A) + (B) + (C)||875651||888298||-12647|
Felicitation & Samman:
1. Services offered by Red Swastik during Kumbh Mela was dully acknowledged and awarded as well by eminent personalities which are as follows.
2. First and initial help of members and volunteers of RED SWASTIK Society during stampede at Railway station was acknowledged by Hon’ble Chief Minister of UP Shri. Akhilesh Yadavjee.
3. Dr. R.C. Mishra was felicitated by Director General, UPCAR, UP Govt. and Prof. H. B. Singh, Mycology and Plant pathlogy Department, BHU.
4. Taaza Hawayein, Pratapgarh has Felicitated RED SWASTIK (Dr. R.C. Mishra) for services during Kumbh Mela.
5. Chancellor and Vice Chancellor of Swammi Vivekanand University, Sagar MP, visited camp of RED SWASTIK and appreciated its services.
6. District Judge Hon’ble Shri. Paliwal (now Justice, High Court, Jabalpur and MP) has visited camp and appreciated work.
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