Kumbh Mela

Kumbh Mela is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather at a sacred river for a bath in the river. It is held every third year at one of the four places by rotation: Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Nasik and Ujjain. Thus the Kumbh Mela is held at each of these four places every twelth year. Ardh (“Half”) Kumbh Mela is held at only two places, Haridwar and Allahabad, every sixth year. The rivers at these four places are: the Ganga (Ganga) at Haridwar, the confluence (Sangam) of the Ganga and the Yamuna at Prayag, the Godawari at Nasik, and the Shipra at Ujjain.

Kumbh means a pitcher and Mela means fair in Hindi. The pilgrimage is held for about one and a half months at each of these four places where it is believed in Hinduism that drops of nectar fell from the Kumbh carried by gods after the sea was churned. The festival is billed as the “biggest gathering on Earth”. There is no scientific method of ascertaining the number of pilgrims even approximately and the estimates of the number of pilgrims bathing on the most auspicious day may vary very widely from two to eight million depending upon the team(s) of persons making the estimate and the rough method of making the estimate.


Kumbh Mela takes place every twelve years at one of the four places: Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik. The Mela alternates between Nasik, Allahabad, Ujjain and Haridwar every third year. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at only two places, Haridwar and Allahabad.

In 2001, more than 40 million gathered on the busiest of its 55 days.

According to the Mela Administration’s estimates, around 70 million people participated in the 45-day Ardh Kumbh Mela in Allahabad, in 2007.

The last “Kumbh Mela” held in 2010 in Haridwar was estimated by the authorities to have attracted between 30 and 70 million people.

The current Maha Kumbh Mela began on 14 January 2013 at Allahabad (Prayaga). According to expectations more than 100 million people will attend the 2013 Kumbha mela.

The next Kumbhamela will be held at Ujjain (MP) on the bank of the river Shipra in 2016. The Kumbh at Ujjain is also called “Simhastha”.

Kumbh Mela is organized every three years on a rotation basis of Allahabad, Nashik, Haridwar and Ujjain.

Kumbha Mela: Held at all four places.

Ardha Kumbha Mela: Held at Haridwar and Prayaga (Allahabad), every 6 years.

Purna Kumbha Mela: Held only at Prayaga, every 12 years.

Maha Kumbha Mela: Held only at Prayaga, every 144 years.


Kumbh Mela is celebrated at different locations depending on the position of the planet of Brihaspati (Jupiter) and the sun. When Jupiter and the sun are in the zodiac sign Leo (Simha Rashi) it is held in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik; when the sun is in Aries (Mesha Rashi) it is celebrated at Haridwar; when Jupiter is in Taurus (Vrishabha Rashi ) and the sun is in Capricorn (Makar Rashi) Kumbha Mela is celebrated at Prayag; and Jupiter and the sun are in Scorpio (Vrishchik Rashi) the Mela is celebrated at Ujjain. Each site’s celebration dates are calculated in advance according to a special combination of zodiacal positions of Sun, Moon, and Jupiter.


The first written evidence of the Kumbha Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese traveler, Huan Tsang or Xuanzang (602–664 A.D.) who visited India in 629–645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana. However, similar observances date back many centuries, where the river festivals first started getting organised. According to medieval Hindu theology, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata PuranaVishnu Purana, theMahabharata, and the Ramayana.

The account goes that the demigods had lost their strength by the curse of Durväsä Muni, and to regain it, they approached Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva. They directed all the demigods to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Vishnu (full story on kumbh mela) and after praying to Lord Vishnu, he instructed them to churn the ocean of milk Ksheera Sagara (primordial ocean of milk) to receive amrita (the nectar of immortality). This required them to make a temporary agreement with their arch enemies, the demons or Asuras, to work together with a promise of sharing the wealth equally thereafter. However, when the Kumbha (urn) containing the amrita appeared, a fight ensued. For twelve days and twelve nights (equivalent to twelve human years) the gods and demons fought in the sky for the pot of amrita. It is believed that during the battle, Lord Vishnu (incarnated as Mohini-Mürti) flew away with the Kumbha of elixir spilling drops of amrita at four places: Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik.


Summary of the work and services offered by Red Swastik Society during Kumbh Mela, Prayag, Allahabad, UP, from 14th Jan to 10th March 2013.



Mahakumbh was held at Prayag between 14th Jan 13 – 10th of March 13. It is regarded as largest mela / human gathering in the world. This time Kumbh mela was organized in an area having perimeter of 28 Square kms. with roads made by chakared plates of 52 running kms with 18 Pantoon bridges on the streams of Ganges, 30 Police Stations and about 34, 500 security men.

According to official sources for the first time Aerial security using choppers and river guards were deployed and personnel of ATS, Spotters, Watchers and Shooters of Paramilitary and Army were deployed and entire Mela area was put  under CCTV coverage for surveillance.

Kumbh Mela was divided into 14 sectors. Each of the sectors had its own hospital (Allopathic, Ayurvedic as well as Homeopathic), police station, fire station, ambulances and all other necessary facilities. According to sources 120-125 million pilgrims visited kumbh mela during this period from every corner of the world.

Activities undertaken by Red Swastik Society:

Red Swastik Society under the guidance of its founder  T. S. Bhal and National Chairman Pradeep Patel and association with all the Directors, namely, S’Shri. Dr. A. K. Bansal, Ashok Shinde, Dr. R. C. Mishra, who have provided dedicated medical services along with its volunteers and members with the help of dedicated Ten ambulances and donors like Shri. Vishwanath Agrawal, Shri. Jagdish Gupta and others. Shri Rajesh Sonawane, Secretary, Nashik Branch of Maharashtra, was instrumental in  co.ordinating all the activities at Prayag and liaison work.

Training of volunteers:

A team from Bombay under leadership of  Capt. Swaminathan, Dr. R. C. Mishra and Project Director Shri. Mahendra Patel and experts visited Prayag in December 2012 and trained the volunteers for disaster management. A total of 450 males and 80 females  had attended it with practical training held at Company Garden, Allahabad.

Services during Stampede:

During stampede at Railway Station on 10th Feb 2013 their were found to be very useful which had helped to save lives of 28 pilgrims as rescued and shifted them to SRN hospital under the leadership of S’Shri. Pandurang Sonawane, Ashok Shinde, Dr. Mishra and Milind Khanore. This work was acknowledged and appreciated by Hon’ble Chief Minister of UP Shri. Akhilesh Yadav at SRN Hospital and complimented the volunteers and office bearers of Red Swastik Society. Since ambulances of Red Swastik were small Maruti Omni, it was easy to take any place with good manoevourability.

Land allocation for make shift camp:

Land admeasuring 80Mtrs. X 200 Mtrs. was allotted by mela Adhikari to Red Swastik at Bajrang Das Chauraha in the sector 6 close to Pantoon bridge no.14, with co.ordinated initiative of S’Shri. Pradeep Patel, Dr. R. C. Mishra  and  Dr. A. K. Bansal.

After land allocation, a camp office was established with proper fencing, toilets, water supply, electric connection and gas connection with the initiative of Dr. R. C. Mishra, Shri. Pradeep Patel and Shri. Rajesh Sonawane. Two cottages, four large sized IP tent, two choldari, one shamiyana, water proof Kitchen with brick flooring (40” X 15”) and Dispensary (20” X 30”) which was water proof with flooring and curtained was constructed. CRPF officials had been kind to provide us four army tents with one Hawaldar Major as a security officer of the Camp.

City Office:

For the initial co.ordinationing activities a 3 BHK flat was taken on rent basis at 65 Tagore town, Allahabad @15,000/- per. M  for a period of two months and Chairman Shri .Pradeep Patel has given donation of Rs. 30,000/-.

Doctors and Paramedic Staff: 

Shri. Dr. A. K. Bansal, MD of Jeevan Jyoti Hospital, Allahabad was kind to provide five doctors, eight paramedic staff, eight sisters and four drivers during entire mela period. Team of  doctors from Maharashtra had visited camp and provided medical services from time to time by rotation  with the initiative of S’Shri. Ashok Shinde, Mahendra Patel and Rajesh Sonawane.

Eye Camp:

An eye check-up camp was also established at Sector 6 for dispensing spectacles about 30,000 pilgrims have availed its services and were benefitted. A team was headed by Ophalmologist Shri. Subhash R. Kahar and Smt. Meena S. Kahar, from Mumbai, Maharashtra and two local assistants provided by Dr. A. K. Bansal have managed these services very efficiently. This was the only eye check-up camp established by any NGO where patients were given spectacles.

Ambulance Services:

A total of 9 ambulances of Red Swastik were transported from Mumbai with the trailer provided by Shri. K. S. Singhal (M/S. Indian Vehicle Carriers Pvt. Ltd., Goregaon (W), Mumbai,), free of cost from Mumbai to Prayag and Prayag to Mumbai. These were deployed sectorwise used for providing Mobile Hospital services and to carry serious patients to the city hospitals as per the directives of health department, Kumbh mela. Additional Director, Health, Dr. Srivastava has appreciated the work and congratulated Chairman Shri. Pradeep Patel for providing Ambulance services.


Initially medicine was made available by Bombay office, Volini pouches were given by Ranbaxy and other medicines supplied by other Pharmaceutical companies. Some of the medicines were also provided by J.J. Hospital, Tilak Hospital and Balaji hospital.

Due to shortage medicines of Rs.1, 68,500/- was purchased locally from time to time. In addition medicines worth Rs.43, 000/ was also purchased and donated by Shri. Pradeep Patel, Chairman of Red Swastik Society.

Health check-up, First Aid and Primary Treatment: 

During Kumbh mela a total number of pilgrims 5, 25,000 visited either main camp office dispensary of Red Swastik Society in sector 6 or our mobile dispensaries in different sectors for health check-ups. Out of which 2,67,000 were given proper medications, 450 patients were shifted to city hospitals and 30,000 were checked at eye camp. Services of doctors and paramedics were made available 24 X 7 hrs. during entire Kumbh Mela.

Woolen blankets/Kambal Distribution:

About 1200 blankets were distributed to the needy and poor pilgrim, sweepers, beggars and  saints at the hands of prominent personalities during Kumbh Mela. These blankets were donated by M/S. Donear Mills, M/S. J. Kumar group and others.

Ganga Cleaning Abhiyyan:

Members and volunteers of Red Swastik Society have actively participated in the Ganga cleaning abhiyyan headed by Swami Chidanand Muni of Parmarth Niketan, Rishikesh along with Hon’ble Rtd. Justice Girdhar Malviya, Rtd. Justice Arun Tandon, Commissioner and D.M., Allahabad.

Cloths Distribution:

A total of 3,275 trousers and shirts were distributed at the hands of different dignitaries of the Kumbh Mela and Allahabad during entire mela period. These items were donated by M/S. Donear Mills, Mumbai. About 150 trousers are still left which were distributed during gram seva abhiyan in future.


Donation for Maha Kumbh Mela – 2013


(A)   Collection of Donation with NHQ.  Mumbai  Office
No. Name of Donors Amount
1 M/S. Keshribhai Jajodia Trust 1,00,000
2 Buldhana Urban Co-op Cr Society Ltd. 1,00,000
3 Shree Mumbadevi Mandir Charities 1,00,000
4 Red Swastik Society – Eastern Suburban Br. 55,600
5 M/s. Ehara Engineering Pvt. Ltd. 51,000
6 Shri Subhash Acharya 25,000
7 Shri Jagdish Gupta – J. Kumar Infra projects Ltd. 25,000
8 Green Space Realtors, Nasik 25,000
9 Shri Dinesh Khemka 15,000
10 Shri H. F. J. Patrawala 11,000
12 Shri Sunil Kharbanda, Nasik 11,000
13 Antarrashtriya Pushthimargeeya Vaisnav Parishad, Mumbai 10,000
14 Automobile Centre, Mumbai 10,000
15 Shri Ajay Agrawal, Mumbai 10,000
16 Shri Pravin Naik, Mumbai 10,000
17 M/s. J M K Infotech, Aurangabad 5,551
18 M/s. Konark Construction, Aurangabad 5,500
19 M/s. Prerana Industries, Aurangabad 5,500
20 Sun Fab And Automation Co Pvt, Aurangabad 5,000
21 Thakare Caterers, Aurnagabad 5,000
22 Shri Rajiv Sanghvi 5,000
23 Shri Vinod V. Khandale 5,000
24 Shri Bhagwanji Karamshi Patel 5,000
25 Shri T. S. Bhal 5,000
26 Shri Paresh Mehta – M/S. Arihant Plastik Ind. 5,000
28 Red Swastik Society – Women’s Wing Mumbai Branch 5,000
29 Ramakant G. Bansal 3,000
                                                                                                                    TOTAL ( A) 6,18,151


(B)               Collection of Donation with Red Swastik Society, Nasik Branch 
No. Name of Donors Amount
1 Shri. Pradip Patel 1,63,000
2 Shri Rajendra Dungarwal, Nashik 11,000
3 Shri Sanjay Patil, Nashik 5,000
4 Local Donation 14,000
                                                                                                                       TOTAL ( B) 1,93,000


(C)Collection of Donation with Red Swastik Society, Jalgaon Branch 
No. Name of Donors Amount
1 Shri. Milind Khanore, Nagpur 25,000
2 Shri. Anand Patil, Thane 25,000
3 Shri. R. M.  Patil, Thane 11,000
4 Local Donation 3,500
                                                                                                                        TOTAL ( C) 64,500
                                                                                                                        Total   (A)  + (B) + (C) 8,75,651

Donation in Kind:


  • Shri K. S. Singhal, Indian Vehicle Carriers Pvt. Ltd. has agreed to provide free truck trailer for transportation of 10 – Maruti Omni Ambulance for Maha Kumbh-Mela 2013 from Mumbai to Allahabad.
  • Shri Vishwanathji Agarwal, Chairman of Donear Industries Ltd. – donated 500 Blankets, 3100 Pants & 175 Shirts.
  • Shri Jagdish Gupta, Chairman cum Managing Director of J. Kumar Infraprojects Ltd. – donated 200 Blankets.
  • Dr Burjor P. Banaji – BANAJI Eye care, Mumbai has Donated Medicines.
  • Shri P. P. Bhat , Executive Director – Empiai Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai has Donated Medicines.
  • Shri S. A. Bamhnote, President Red Swastik Society Tumsar Bhandara Branch, collect medicine from local medical shops and Doctors for Kumbh Mela – 2013.


(A)Receipts &  Payments of NHQ Mumbai Office
  Receipt Payment Balance
Donations received for Kumbhamela 2013 618151    
1 Fund transferred to  Allahabadfor Kumbhamela purpose      
2 Purchase of 10 sets Canopy   42000  
3 Labour charges   2900  
4 Transportaation charges   2375  
5 Stationery   610  
6 Petrol charges   500  
7 Courier charges   130  
                                                         Total (A) 618151 48515 569636


(B) Receipts &  Payments of Nashik Branch
Receipt Payment Balance
Donations received for Kumbhamela 2013 193000    
1 Medicine Purchase (Allahabad)   168500  
2 Petrol for Ambulance   106500  
3 Medicines from Nasik   43000  
4 Salary of Staff   78000  
5 Food Items & Vegetables   46000  
6 Gas Cylinders (8 large 2 small)   16500  
7 Mathura Van (Petrol & Repair)   14500  
8 Printing &Flax   16450  
9 Boonding 200 Kg. @ 90/Kg,   18000  
10 Furnitue Bed & quit   32000  
11 Kitchen Uttensils   21500  
12 Toilet & Brick Works   17500  
13 Misc. from Shri. Pradeep Sir   40000  
14 Rent of Flat   30000  
15 Van Repair   12500  
16 Misc. Expences   43000  
                                                         Total (B) 193000 703950 -510950


(C)  Receipts &  Payments of Jalgaon Branch
Receipt Payment Balance
Donations received for Kumbhamela 2013 64500    
1 Ambulance Repairing Charges   44533  
2 Petrol Expenses   7800  
3 Honoureria to Driver   5050  
4 Travelling Expences To Driver   5400  
5 Travelling Allounce To Driver   3000  
6 Wages to Driver   9000  
7 Honoureria to Doctor   16500  
8 Travelling Expences of Doctor   32050  
9 Travelling Allounces of Doctor   8000  
10 Loading Charges   4500  
                                                         Total (C) 64500 135833 -71333


Summary of Kumbh Mela –  2013 “Receipts & Payments”(NHQ. Office, Nasik Branch, Jalgaon Branch)
  Receipt Payment Balance
TOTAL (A) 618151 48515 569636
  TOTAL (B) 193000 703950 510950
  TOTAL (C) 64500 135833 71333
  Total (A) + (B) + (C) 875651 888298 -12647


 Felicitation & Samman:

 1.      Services offered by Red Swastik during Kumbh Mela was dully acknowledged and awarded as well by eminent personalities which are as follows.

2.      First and initial help of members and volunteers of RED SWASTIK Society during stampede at Railway station was acknowledged by Hon’ble Chief Minister of UP Shri. Akhilesh Yadavjee.

3.      Dr. R.C. Mishra was felicitated by Director General, UPCAR, UP Govt. and Prof. H. B. Singh, Mycology and Plant pathlogy Department, BHU.

4.      Taaza Hawayein, Pratapgarh has Felicitated RED SWASTIK (Dr. R.C. Mishra) for services during Kumbh Mela.

5.      Chancellor and Vice Chancellor of Swammi Vivekanand University, Sagar MP, visited camp of RED SWASTIK and appreciated its services.

6.      District Judge Hon’ble Shri. Paliwal (now Justice, High Court, Jabalpur and MP) has visited camp and appreciated work.

View Kumbh Mela Photos please click here

View Kumbh Mela Donation Details please click here